Foot Facts

Anatomy Of The Foot

The foot and ankle are complex structures:

  • 30 bones of the foot and ankle
  • 33 joints of foot and ankle
  • 106 ligaments of the foot and ankle
  • Multiple tendons, muscles, blood vessels and nerves

Often a specialist is needed in order to provide you with long term relief.

Please click on any image below to learn more about common problems and how we can help. Clicking the image will redirect you to the APMA website.


One of the most common problems of the big toe, a bunion is simply excess or misaligned bone. Bunions can be both painful and inconvenient, as finding proper-fitting footwear can become difficult. Click the image to learn more, or take a look at our before and after pictures of bunion surgeries.

Hammer Toe

Caused by little toes that curl under themselves, caused by a buckling of the joints. Click the image to learn more, or take a look at our before and after pictures of hammer toe correction.

Heel Pain

Pain in the bottom of the foot, particularly when you first stand up in the morning. Pain can be sporadic, though it typically returns after rest or general inactivity.

Nail Problems

Ingrown and thickened nails are two of the more common nail ailments. Ingrown nails occur when the nail grows into its surrounding skin, especially in the big toe. Thickened nails can be caused by pressure from footwear, fungal infections, and conditions including diabetes and psoriasis.


Often seen in patients who wear tight-fitting shoes, neuroma is caused by the thickening of a foot’s nerve. Signs of neuromas can include cramping, burning and numbness.


Most often seen on the bottom of the foot, warts often appear as soft spots, that are red, brown or black in color. Warts are caused by viral infections.